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Car Care

Engine Care

How to Check the Engine Oil Level

With the engine at operating temperature and turned off, check the oil level on the dipstick.

  • To get a true reading, the vehicle should be on a level spot.
  • After turning off the engine, wait a few minutes for the oil to drain back into the bottom of the engine.
  • Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag.
  • Re-insert the dipstick. Push it in as far as it will go or the reading will not be correct.
  • Pull the dipstick out and look at the oil level on the end.
  • Caution: Be careful not to touch the hot exhaust manifold

How & When to add oil?

  • If the oil level is below or only slightly, above the low level, add engine oil of the same type as already in the engine.
  • Remove the oil filter cap and add engine oil in small quantities at a time, checking the dipstick.
  • When the level reaches within the correct range, install the filter cap and hand-tighten.

What Coolant Type Must I Use?

  • Use only genuine Toyota Long Life Coolant 50% mixture.
  • Notice: Do not use alcohol type antifreeze or plain water alone.

Draining Fuel Filter Water (Diesel Engine)

When the fuel filter warning light comes on, the water in the fuel filter must be drained immediately.
Place a small tray under the drain plug to catch the water.

  • Turn the drain plug counter-clockwise about 2 – 21/2 turns. (Loosening more than this will cause water oozing from around the drain plug.)
  • Operate the priming pump until fuel begins to run out.
  • After draining, retighten the drain plug. Do not use tool.

Precautions Of Space Saver Tyre

Verso is fitted with a space saver tyre. Please note the following with regard to space saver tyres:

  • Space saver tyres are only for emergency usages, please change this to a normal standard tyre as soon as possible.
  • Please do not use this tyre for other cars.
  • Tyre air pressure should be 4.2 BAR, which is different from that of a normal tyre.
  • Please check the air pressure occasionally to make sure.
  • If you drive this car with insufficient tyre pressure, you may encounter unexpected accident.
    Please do not exceed the maximum driving speed limit of 80km/h
    If your front tyre is punctured, please fit this space saver tyre for the rear and fit the removed rear tyre in the front.
  • This tyre has a shorter diameter than a normal tyre which will change vehicle height, therefore please drive carefully.
  • Please read through owner’s manual carefully in advance for details on using your space saver tyre.

Body And Paint Care

Protect Your Vehicle from Corrosion


Toyota’s designers and engineers making use of the most advanced technology available have done their best to help prevent corrosion and have provided you with the finest quality vehicle construction. Now, it is up to you. Proper care of you vehicle can help ensure long-term corrosion br.

Common Causes of Corrosion:

  • The accumulation of dirt and moisture in hard-to reach areas under the vehicle.
  • Chipping of paint or undercoating caused by minor accidents, stones and gravel.

Harsh Conditions?


Take extra special care of your body work if you live or drive your vehicle under harsh environment conditions like the following:

  • Near the sea
  • Areas of industrial pollution
  • Rough / Off-road Terrain
  • High humidity accelerates corrosion especially when temperatures range just above the freezing point
  • Wet or damp on certain parts of your vehicle for an extended period of time, may cause corrosion even though other parts of the vehicle may be dry
  • High temperatures will cause corrosion to those components of the vehicle, which are prevented from drying to lack of proper ventilation.

Steps to Preventing Corrosion:

Step 1: Keep it Clean

Wash your car frequently following this guide:

  • If you drive on dusty road or live near the ocean, hose off your undercarriage at least once a month to minimize corrosion.
  • High pressure water or steam is effective for cleaning the vehicle’s underside and wheel housings. Pay particular attention to these areas as it is difficult to see all the mud and dirt.
  • It will do more harm than good to simply wet the mud and debris without removing it.
  • The lower edge of doors, rocker panels and frame members have drain holes, which should not be allowed to clog with dirt as trapped water in these areas can cause corrosion.
  • See Washing & Waxing your Vehicle for more tips.

 

 

Step 2: No Chip on your Shoulder

Check the Condition of your Vehicle’s Paint and Trim

  • If you find any chips or scratches in the paint, touch them up immediately to prevent corrosion from starting.
  • If the chips or scratches have gone through to the bare metal, have a qualified Toyota approved body shop make the repairs.

Step 3: Inside Job

Check the interior of your vehicle

  • Water and dirt can accumulate under the floor mats and could cause corrosion.
  • Occasionally check under the mats to make sure the area is dry.
  • Be particularly careful when transporting chemicals, cleansers, fertilisers, etc; these should be transported in proper containers.
  • If a spill or leak should occur, immediately clean and dry the area.

Step 4: Shield Yourself!

Use mud shields on your wheels

  • If you drive on dusty or gravel roads, mud shields help protect your vehicle.
  • Full-size shields, which come as near to the ground as possible, are the best.
  • We recommend that the fittings and the area where the shields are installed be treated to resist corrosion.
  • Your Toyota dealer will be happy to assist in supplying and installing the shields.

Step 5: Ventilation Station

Keep your vehicle in a well ventilated garage or a covered parking

  • Do not park your vehicle in a damp, poorly ventilated garage.
  • If you wash your vehicle in the garage, or if you drive it in the garage covered with water, your garage may become so damp it will cause corrosion.

Step 6: Going Off-Road

For regular off-road or dirt road usage:

  • Rubberize all under-body and fender areas and check periodically for gaps or breaks due to stone damage.
  • The use of a Toyota-approved sealer is advised to prevent damage to PVC-sealed areas on the under-body and inside fenders.

Step 7: At the Coast

For regular beach front usage:


All exterior seams, joints and hardware should be coated with Toyota-approved sealers.
Examples are:

  • Door seams.
  • Engine compartment seams and hardware items.
  • The area behind the grille.
  • Inside door areas.
  • Under hood and "roof-bow".

The sealer must be brushed into joints and seams.

Care for safety belts

Cleaning Seat Belts

  • Clean with mild soap and lukewarm water.
  • Use a cloth or sponge.
  • As you are cleaning, check the belts for excessive wear, fraying or cuts.
  • Notice: Do not use dye or bleach on the belts – it may weaken them.

Caution:

When using the seat belts, observe the following:

  • Avoid reclining the seatbacks too much. The seat belts provide maximum protection when the seatbacks are in the upright position. (Refer to the seat adjustment instructions.)
  • Be careful not to damage the belt webbing or hardware.
  • Take care that they do not get caught or pinched in the seat or doors.
  • Inspect the belt system periodically. Check for cuts, fraying and loose parts.
  • Damaged parts should be replaced.
  • Do not disassemble or modify the system.
  • Keep the belts clean and dry. If they need cleaning, use a mild soap solution or lukewarm water. Never use bleach, dye or abrasive cleaners; they may severely weaken the belts.
  • Replace the belts assembly (including bolts) if the vehicle has been in a severe collision.The entire assembly should be replaced even if damage is not obvious.
  • Warning:Seat belts are designed to bear upon the bony structure of the body, and should be worn low across the front of the pelvis, chest and shoulders.
  • Wearing the lap section of the belt across the abdominal area must be avoided.
  • Seat belts should be adjusted as firmly as possible to provide the protection for which they have been designed. A slack belt will greatly reduce the protection afforded to the wearer.
  • Care should be taken to avoid contamination of the webbing with polishes, oils and chemicals, and particularly battery acid.
  • The belt should be replaced if webbing becomes frayed, contaminated or damaged.
  • Belts should not be worn with straps twisted.
  • Each belt assembly must only be used by one occupant; it is dangerous to put a belt around a child being carried on the occupant’s lap.

Warning:

No modification or additions should be made by the user which will either prevent the seat belt adjusting devices from operating to remove slack or prevent the seat belt assembly from being adjusted to remove slack.

Washing Your Car

Washing & Waxing Your Vehicle

Ensure longevity and good trade in value by keeping your Toyota in tip-top shape. Keep your vehicle clean by regular washing. Before you get started make note of the following scenarios that may cause weakness to the paint or corrosion to the body and parts. Wash your vehicle as soon as possible…

  • When driving in a coastal area.
  • When road tar, tree sap, bird droppings and the bodies of dead insects are sticking to your vehicle.
  • When driving in areas where there is a lot of smoke, soot, dust, iron dust and chemical substances.
  • When the vehicle becomes particularly dirty with dust and mud.

Hand Wash

  • Work in the shade and wait until the vehicle body is not hot to the touch.
  • Caution: When cleaning the underside or chassis, be careful not to injure your hands.
  • Rinse off loose dirt with a hose. Remove any mud from the underside of the vehicle and wheel wells.
  • Wash with mild car-wash soap, mixed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Use a soft cotton cloth and keep it wet by dipping it frequently into the wash water. Do not rub hard – let the soap and water remove the dirt.

Plastic bumpers

  • Wash these carefully and do not scrub with abrasive cleaners. The bumper faces are soft.

Road tar

  • Remove with turpentine or cleansers that are marked safe for painted surfaces.
  • Notice: Do not use petrol or strong solvents, which may be toxic or cause damage.
  • Rinse thoroughly – dried soap can cause streaking. In hot weather you may need to rinse each section right after you wash it.
  • To prevent water spots, dry the vehicle using a clean soft cotton cloth. Do not rub or press hard – you might scratch the paint.

Make it shine

Polishing and waxing is recommended to maintain the original beauty of your Toyota’s finish.

  • Always wash and dry the vehicle before you begin waxing, even if you are using a combined cleaner and wax.
  • Use a good quality polish and wax. If the finish has become extremely weathered, use a car cleaning polish, followed by a separate wax. Carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions and precautions. Ensure that you polish and wax the chrome trim well as the painted surfaces.
  • Wax the vehicle again when water does not bead, but remains on the surface in large patches.
  • Notice: Always remove the plastic bumpers if your vehicle is re-painted and placed in a high heat paint waxing booth. High temperatures could damage the bumpers.

Touch it up!

Touch-up paint can be used to cover small chips or scratches.

  • Apply the paint soon after the damage occurs or corrosion may set in.
  • To do a good job, use a small artist’s brush and stir the paint well.
  • Ensure that the area is clean and dry.
  • To apply the touch-up paint so it is hardly noticeable, apply only to the bare spots.
  • Apply the smallest amount possible and do not paint the surface around the scratch or chip.

Internal Affairs

Cleaning your air conditioning control panel, car audio, instrument panel, console panel and switches.

  • A soft damp cloth for cleaning.
  • Soak a clean soft cloth in water or lukewarm water then lightly wipe off any dirt.
  • Notice: Do not use organic substances (solvents, kerosene, alcohol, petrol, etc.), alkaline or acidic solutions. These chemicals can cause discolouring, staining or peeling of the surface.

Water Wise

  • Caution: Do not wash the vehicle floor with water, or allow water to get into the floor when cleaning the vehicle interior or exterior.
  • Water may get into audio components or other electrical components above or under the floor carpet (or mat) and cause a malfunction and it may cause body corrosion.

Vinyl interior

  • The vinyl upholstery may be easily cleaned with a mild soap or detergent and water.
  • First vacuum over the upholstery to remove loose dirt
  • Then, using a sponge or soft cloth, apply the soap solution to the vinyl.
  • After allowing it to soak in for a few minutes to loosen the dirt, remove the dirt and wipe off the soap with a clean damp cloth.
  • If all the dirt does not come off, repeat the procedure.
  • Commercial foaming-type vinyl cleaners are also available which work well. Follow the manufacture’s instructions.
  • Notice: Do not use solvent, thinners, petrol or window cleaner on the interior.

Cloth

  • Use a good, foam-type upholstery cleaner.
  • Give it a good strong vacuuming to remove as much dirt as possible.
  • Apply the foam in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Carpets

  • Use a good foam-type shampoo to clean the carpets.
  • Vacuum thoroughly to remove as much dirt as possible. Several types of foam cleaners are available; some are in aerosol cans and others in powders or liquids which you mix with water to produce a foam.
  • To shampoo the carpets, use a sponge or brush to apply the foam.
  • Rub in overlapping circles.strong
  • Do not apply water – best results are obtained by keeping the carpet as dry as possible. Read the shampoo instructions and follow them closely.

Windows

  • The windows can be cleaned with any household window cleaner.

Caring For Tyres

Tyre care

Check 1-2:
Checking tyre pressure is very important. Keep your tyre pressure at the proper level. You should check the tyre pressures every two weeks, or at least once a month.
Don’t forget the spare!

Make it safe, Make it last!

Incorrect tyre pressure can reduce tyre life and make your vehicle less safe to drive.

  • Low tyre pressure results in excessive wear, poor handling, reduced fuel economy and the possibility blowouts from overheated tyres.
  • Low tyre pressure can also cause poor sealing of the tyre.
  • If the tyre pressure is excessively low, there is the possibility of wheel deformation and/or tyre separation.
  • High tyre pressure produces a harsh ride, handling problems, excessive wear at the centre of the tyre tread and a greater possibility of tyre damage from road hazards.
  • If a tyre frequently needs refilling, have it checked by your Toyota dealer.

Follow these steps when checking tyre pressure:

  • Cool down time!
    Only check the pressure when the tyres are cold.
    If your vehicle has been parked for at least 3 hours and has not been driven more than 1.5 km since, you will get an accurate cold tyre pressure reading.
  • Measure by measure!
    Always use a tyre pressure gauge. The appearance of a tyre can be misleading. Tyre pressures that are even just a few kilopascal out can degrade handling and ride.
  • High Pressure System!
    Do not bleed or reduce tyre pressure after driving if you notice the pressure is higher. It is, in fact, normal for the tyre pressure to be higher after driving.
  • Put a lid on it!
    Be sure to reinstall the tyre inflation valve cap. Without the valve caps dirt or moisture could get into the valve core and cause air leakage. If the caps have been lost, have new ones put on as soon as possible.

Checking and Replacing Tyres – The Basics

TREAD WEAR

  • The tyres on your Toyota have built-in tread wear indicators to help you know when the tyres need replacement. When checking the tyre tread for the tread wear indicators, replace the tyres if the:
  • Tread depth is worn to 1.6 mm or less,
    Indicators in two or more adjacent grooves are visible.

NOTE: The less the tread, the higher the risk of skidding.

CUTS, SPLITS AND CRACKS

Check your tyres regularly for damage such as cuts, splits and cracks. If any damage is found, consult with a technician and have the tyre repaired or replaced.
Even if the damage does not appear serious, a qualified technician should examine the damage. Objects, which have penetrated the tyre, may have caused internal damage.

OLD TYRES

Any tyres over six years old must be checked by a qualified technician even if damage is not obvious. Tyres deteriorate with age even if they have never or seldom been used. This also applies to the spare tyre and tyres stored for future use.

REPLACING YOUR TYRES

When replacing a tyre, use only the same size and construction as originally installed and with the same or greater load capacity. Using any other size or type of tyre may seriously affect handling, ride, speedometer and odometer calibration, ground clearance and clearance between the body and tyres.

CAUTION

  • Do not mix radial or cross ply tyres on your vehicle. It can cause dangerous handling characteristics, resulting in loss of control.
  • Do not use tyres or wheels other than the manufacture’s recommended size.